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A History of Inuit Independence in Labrador

By Carol Brice-Bennett
Revised by Lena Onalik & Andrea Procter
Categories: Indigenous Studies
Paperback : 9781990445149, 414 pages, July 2023
Expected to ship: 2023-07-10

A historical account of the perseverance, resilience, and strength of traditional Inuit life in northernmost Labrador.


Called the Northlanders by the Moravian missionaries who sought to colonize them, Avanimiut were Inuit who maintained traditional lifeways, autonomy, and spiritual beliefs in northernmost Labrador. Despite the attempts of the Moravian Mission, the Hudson’s Bay Company, and the Anglican Church to bring them into their Christian and commercial trading worlds, the Avanimiut often held onto their independence. Avanimiut: A History of Inuit Independence in Northern Labrador is the story of a people often displaced by relocation who survived and thrived through this hardship.

The first version of Avanimiut, a 1996 report titled Northlanders, was commissioned by the Labrador Inuit Association in the context of land claim negotiations, and written by Carol Brice-Bennett. Lena Onalik and Andrea Procter have modified the original manuscript to incorporate historical Inuit writing and interviews, including the Inuit voices that had previously been almost entirely omitted. Avanimiut compiles these voices alongside the colonial accounts of Inuit families who continued to live in their ancestral territories of Labrador, providing a glimpse into their lives, families, and relationships.

Ranging chronologically from the earliest interactions between Inuit and Europeans in Labrador to the final eviction of Inuit from their northern territories, this book illustrates the dignified history of Avanimiut families and honours the strength, resilience, and survival of their ancestors in the north.